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Pleistocene genetic legacy suggest incipient species of Sebastes mentella in the Irminger Sea

Höfundar: Stefánsson, M.Ö., Sigurdsson, T., Pampoulie, C., Daníelsdóttir, A.K., Thorgilsson, B., Ragnarsdóttir, A. Gíslason, D., Coughlan, J., Cross, T.F., and Bernatchez, L.

Útgáfa: Heredity

Útgáfuár: 2009


To investigate a possible speciation event within the redfish (Sebastes mentella) complex in the Irminger Sea, we examined genetics, traditional morphology, geometric morphometrics and meristics of individuals sampled throughout the Sea. Tissue samples from 1901 fish were collected in 1995 and 1996 and from 1999 to 2002, and the fish were genotyped at nine microsatellite loci, two of which were developed for this study. Individual-based genetic analyses showed that two different gene pools exist in the Irminger Sea. Although these groups overlap extensively geographically, they segregate according to depth: those above and below 550 m. This signal of genotype distinction with depth was evident in both the earlier and later sampling. Historical imprints in the genetic data indicated that the redfish in the Irminger Sea are likely to represent a case of an incipient speciation event that began in allopatry during the Pleistocene glaciations followed by secondary contact. Although hybridization was observed between groups, an analysis of traditional and geometric morphometrics and of meristic variables suggested that restricted gene flow between the currently parapatric deep- and shallow-mesopelagic incipient species may be maintained by ecological isolation mechanisms.

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