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Rapid quantitative monitoring method for the fish spoilage bacteria Pseudomonas

Höfundar: Eyjólfur Reynisson, Hélène Liette Lauzon, Hannes Magnússon, Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson

Útgáfa: Journal of Environmental Monitoring

Útgáfuár: 2008


Pseudomonas spp. is a group of microorganisms commonly found in fish and other fresh foods and is involved in their spoilage process. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and accurate quantitative assay for Pseudomonas spp. in fish using real-time PCR. The assay targets the carbamoyl phosphate synthase gene (carA) with SYBR green based real-time PCR. The selectivity of the assay was confirmed using 24 Pseudomonas strains and 55 non-pseudomonad strains. A linear quantification was established over seven orders of magnitude, from 40 – 47 copies reaction−1. The assay was validated on cod samples collected during two shelf life trials and showed a high degree of correlation to the plate count method (rP = 0.891) where the difference between the methods was 0.04 log10CFU g−1 on average. The study shows that it is possible to quantify accurately the specific spoilage organisms belonging to the genus Pseudomonas in fish using real-time PCR. The method takes less than 5 h from sampling to results. The short detection time of the method can provide the fish industry with an important tool for quality control and processing management.

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