Matís Staff

Viggó Marteinsson

Research Group Leader

Range: Microorganisms

Phone: +354 4225135/8585135


Focus Areas:

Genetics, Biotechnology, Food Poisoning, Monitoring, Microbiology

Bibliography / Publications


Marteinsson, V., Klonowski, A., Reynisson, E., Vannier, P., Sigurdsson, BD and Ólafsson, M. 2015. Microbial colonization in diverse surface soil types in Surtsey and diversity analysis of its subsurface microbiota. Biogeosciences. 12, 1191-1203.   Article

Kopf, A., Bicak, M., Kottmann, R. et al. The ocean sampling day consortium. 2015. GigaScience. 4:27. Article

Vannier, P., Michoud, G., Oger, P., Marteinsson, VT, Jebbar, M. 2015. Genome expression of Thermococcus barophilus and Thermococcus kodakarensis in response to different hydrostatic pressure conditions. Research Microbiology. In press.

Jackson, MD, Gudmundsson, MT, Schiffman, P., Bach, W., Cappelletti, P., Coleman, NJ, Ivarsson, M., Jónasson, K., Jørgensen, SL, Marteinsson, V., McPhie, J. , Moore, JG, Nielson, D., Rhodes, JM, Rispoli, C., Stefánsson, A., Türke, A., Vanorio, T., Weisenberger, TB, White, JDL, Zierenberg, R., Zimanowski, B 2015. Time-lapse characterization of hydrothermal seawater and microbial interactions with basaltic tephra at Surtsey volcano. Scientific Drilling. In press.


Kelly, LC, Cockell, CS, Thorsteinsson, T. and Marteinsson, V. 2014. Pioneer volcanic microbial communities of the Fimmvörðuháls lava flows, Eyjafjallajökull Iceland. Microbial Ecology. 68(3), 504-18. Article

Davies, N., Field, D., Amaral-Zettler, L. et al. 2014. The founding charter of the Genomic Observatories Network. GigaScience. 3:2. Article

Quinto EJ, Arinder P., Axelsson L., Heir E., Holck A., Lindqvist R., Lindblad M., Andreou P., Lauzon HL, Marteinsson VÞ and Pin C. 2014. Predicting the concentration of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli during processing and storage of fermented raw meat sausages. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 80(9), 2715-27. Article

Krebs, J., vaishampayan, P., Probst, A, Tom, L., Marteinsson, V, Andersen, G., and Venkateswaran, K. 2014. Microbial Community Structures of novel Icelandic Hot Spring Systems Revealed by PhyloChip G3 Analysis. Astrobiology. 14 (3), 229-40. Article


Thorolfsdottir, BO, Marteinsson, VT 2013. Microbiological Analysis in Three Diverse Natural Geothermal Bathing Pools in Iceland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 10(3), 1085-1099. Article

Cockell, CS, Kelly, LC, Marteinsson, V. 2013. Actinobacteria - An ancient phylum active in volcanic rock weathering. Geomicrobiology Journal. 30(8), 706-720. Article

Marteinsson, V., Vaishampayan, P., Kviderova, J., Mapelli, F., Medori, M., Calfapietra, C., Aguilera, A., Hamisch, D., Reynisson, E., Magnússon, S., Marasco, R., Borin, S., Calzada, A., Souza-Egipsy, V., González-Toril, E., Amils, R., Elster, J. and Hänsch, R. 2013. A Laboratory of Extremophiles: Iceland Coordination Action for Research Activities on Life in Extreme Environments (CAREX) Field Campaign. Life. 3(1), 211-233.  Article

Viggó Thór Marteinsson, Árni Rúnarsson, Andri Stefánsson, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Tomas Jóhannesson, Sveinn Magnússon, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Bergur Einarsson, Nicole Wade, Eric Gaidos. 2013. A pervasive microbial community in waters under the Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland.  ISME Journal. 7, 427-437.   Article

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Viggó Th Marteinsson, Rósa Jonsdottir, Sveinn H. Magnusson, Guðmundur Óli Hreggvidsson. 2012. Bacterial succession during curing process of a skate ( Dipturus batis) and isolation of novel strains. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 113(2), 329-338. Article

Kelly LC, Cockell CS, Herrera-Belaroussi A, Piceno Y, Andersen G, DeSantis T, Brodie E, Thorsteinsson T, Marteinsson V, Poly F, LeRoux X. 2011. Bacterial diversity of terrestrial crystalline volcanic rocks, Iceland. Microbial Ecol 62: (1) 69-79. Article

Sveinn H. Magnússon, Sigrún Guðmundsdóttir, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Árni R. Rúnarsson, Hjördís Harðardóttir, Eggert Gunnarson, Franklín Georgsson, Jarle Reiersen, Viggó Th. Marteinsson. 2011. Comparison of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from human, food, veterinary and environmental sources in Iceland using PFGE, MLST and fla-SVR sequencing. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 111 (4), 971-981. Article – This article has been selected for inclusion in the Journal of Applied Microbiology Virtual Special Issue on Campylobacter. The issue can be viewed here.

Charles S Cockell, Laura C. Kelly, Stephen Summers, Viggo Marteinsson. 2011. Following the kinetics: Iron-oxidizing microbial mats in cold Icelandic volcanic habitats and their rock-associated biomarkers. Astrobiology 11(7). 679-694. Article

Haraldur Bjornsson, Viggo T. Marteinsson, Olafur H. Fridjonsson, Dirk Linke, Eva Benediktsdottir. 2011. Isolation and characterization of an antigen from the fish pathogen Moritella viscosa.  Journal of Applied Microbiology. 111 (1), 17-25. Article

Pauline Vannier, Viggo Thor Marteinsson, Olafur Hedinn Fridjonsson, Philippe Oger, Mohamed Jebbar. Complete genome sequence of the hyperthermophilic piezophilic, heterotrophic and carboxydotrophic archaeon Thermococcus barophilus MP. Journal of Bacteriology. Published Online, January 2011. Article 

Cockell, CS, Herrera, A., Kelly, L., Marteinsson, V., Olsson, K., Simpson, A., Summers, S., Thorsteinsson, T., Wilkinson, P. 2010. The microbial diversity of volcanic rocks. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 40 (6) 533-534

Laura C. Kelly, Charles S. Cockell, Yvette M. Piceno, Gary L. Anderson, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Viggo Marteinsson. 2010. Bacterial Biodiversity of Weathered Terrestrial Volcanic Glasses. FEMS Microbiology Ecology Vol 60, number 4, 740-752. Article

Viggó Thór Marteinsson, Snaedis H. Bjornsdottir, Nadège Bienvenu, Jakob K. Kristjansson and Jean-Louis Birrien. Rhodothermus profundi sp. nov., a new thermophilic bacterium isolated from a deep sea hydrothermal vent in the Pacific Ocean. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 60, 2729-2734 .. Article

Marc Kochzius, Christian Seidel, Aglaia Antoniou, Sandeep Kumar Botla, Daniel Campo, Alessia Cariani, Eva Garcia Vazquez, Janet Hauschild, Caroline Hervet, Sigridur Hjörleifsdottir, Gudmundur Hreggvidsson, Kristina Kappel, Monica Landi, Antonios Magoulas, Viggo Nteölteinsson, Serge Planes, Fausto Tinti, Cemal Turan, Moleyur N. Venugopal, Hannes Weber, Dietmar Blohm. 2010. Identifying Fishes through DNA Barcodes and Microarrays. PLoS One, 5 (9): e12620.   Article 

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Hélène Liette Lauzon, Lárus Þorvaldsson, Björn Margeirsson, Árni Rafn Rúnarsson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson, Emilía Martinsdóttir. 2010. Effects of different cooling techniques on bacterial succession and other spoilage indicators during storage of whole, gutted haddock ( Melanogrammus aeglefinus). European Food Research and Technology, 231(2) 237-246. Article


Charles S Cockell, Karen Olsson, Felicity Knowles, Laura Kelly, Aude Herrera, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson and Viggó Marteinsson. 2009. Bacteria in Weathered Basaltic Glass, Iceland. Geomicrobiology Journal, 26 (7): 491-507.

Viggó Thór Marteinsson, Snaedis H. Bjornsdottir, Nadège Bienvenu, Jakob K. Kristjansson and Jean-Louis Birrien. 2009. Rhodothermus profundus sp. nov., a new thermophilic bacterium isolated from a deep sea hydrothermal vent in the Pacific Ocean. IJSEM Dec 2010; 60: 2729-2734.

TM Wassenaar, A. Fernández-Astorga, R. Alonso, Viggo T.Marteinsson, Sveinn H.Magnússon, AB Kristoffersen, M. Hofshagen. 2009. Comparison of Campylobacter fla-SVR genotypes isolated from humans and poultry in three European regions. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 49 (3) 388 - 395.  Article

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Birna Guðbjornsdottir, Viggo Þór Marteinsson and Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson. 2009. Decontamination Efficiency of Fish Bacterial Flora from Processing Surfaces. Food Technology and Biotechnology. 47 (1) 75-82. Article.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Hélène Liette Lauzon, Hannes Magnússon, Rósa Jónsdóttir, Guðrún Ólafsdottir, Viggo Þór Marteinsson, Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson. 2009. Bacterial composition and succession during storage of North-Atlantic cod ( Gadus morhua) at superchilled temperatures. BMC Microbiology. 9(1) 250. Article

Eric Gaidos, Viggo Marteinsson, Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Andri Stefansson, Árni Rúnar Rafnsson, Tomas Jóhannesson, Brian Glazer, Brian Lanoil, Mark Skidmore, Sukkyun Han, Mary Miller, Antje Rusch, Wilson Foo. 2008. An oligarchic microbial assembly in the anoxic bottom waters of a volcanic subglacial lake. ISME Journal (International Society for Microbial Ecology) 3, 486–497. Article

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Hélène Liette Lauzon, Hannes Magnússon, Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. 2008. Rapid quantitative monitoring method for the fish spoilage bacteria Pseudomonas. Journal of Environmental 10: 1357-1362. Article

Kochzius, M., Nölte, M., Weber, H., Silkenbeumer, N., Sigríður Hjörleifsdottir, Guðmundur Óli Hreggvidsson, Viggó Marteinsson, Kappel, K., Planes, S., Tinti, F., Magoulas, A., Garcia Vazquez, E., Turan, C., Hervet, C., Campo Falgueras, D., Antoniou, A., Landi, M. and Blohm, D. 2008. DNA Microarrays for Identifying Fishes. Marine Biotechnology 10 (2), 207-217. Article

Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Sverrir Óskar Elefsen, Eric Gaidos, Brian Lanoil, Tómas Jóhannesson, Vilhjálmur Kjartansson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson, Andri Stefánsson and Thröstur Thorsteinsson. 2007. A hot water drill with built-in sterilization: Design, testing and performance. Glacier No. 57 71-82.

Gudmundur O. Hreggvidsson, Sigurlaug Skirnisdottir, Bart Smit, Sigridur Hjorleifsdottir Viggo T. Marteinsson, Solveig Petursdottir and Jakob K. Kristjansson. 2006. Polyphasic analysis of Thermus isolates from geothermal areas in Iceland. Extremophiles, 10 (6) pp 563-575. Article

Cedric FV Hobel, Gudmundur O. Hreggvidsson, Viggo T. Marteinsson, Farah Bahrani-Mougeot, Jon M. Einarsson, and Jakob K. Kristjansson. 2005. Cloning, expression and characterization of a highly thermostable family18 chitinase from Rhodothermus marinus. Extremophiles, 9 (1): 53-64. Article

Hobel, CFV, Marteinsson, VT, Hreggvidsson GO and Kristjansson JK 2005. Investigation of the microbial ecology of intertidal hot springs by using diversity anlysis of 16S rRNA and chitinase genes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71 (5): 2771-2776. Article

Cédric FV Hobel, Viggó T. Marteinsson, Sigurbjörg Hauksdóttir, Ólafur H. Fridjónsson, Sigurlaug Skirnisdóttir, Gudmundur Ó. Hreggvidsson, and Jakob K. Kristjánsson. 2 004. Accessing novel amylase genes in silent thermophile diversity by low nutrient enrichment. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 20: 801-809. Article

Geptner, A., Kristmannsdottir, H., Kristjánsson & Marteinsson V. 2002. Biogenic saponite from an active submarine hot spring, Iceland. Clays and Clay Minerals. 50:174-185

Alain, K., VT Marteinsson, ML Miroshnichenko, E. Bonch-Osmolovskaya, D. Prieur, and JL Birrien. 2002. Marinitoga piezophila, sp. nov., a rod-shaped thermo-piezophilic bacterium isolated under high hydrostatic pressure from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionry Microbiology. 52:1331-1339.

Marteinsson, VT, Kristjánsson, JK, Kristmannsdóttir H., Sæmundsson, K., Hannignton, M., Petursdottir, SK, Geptner, A. & Stoffers, P. 2001. Discovery and Description of Giant Submarine Smectite Cones on the Seafloor in Eyjafjordur , Northerm Iceland, and a Novel Thermal Microbial Habitat. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67(2):827-833. Article

M. Hannington, P. Herzigb, P. Stoffersc, J. Scholtenc, R. Botzc, D. Garbe-Schönbergc, IR Jonassona, W. Roesta, Shipboard Scientific Party From Prokaria ltd. (JKKristjánsson, VT Marteinsson, SKPetursdottir.) 2001. First observations of high-temperature submarine hydrothermal vents and massive anhydrite deposits off the north coast of Iceland. Marine Geology. 177:199-220. Article

Irwin, JA, HM Gudmundsson, VT Marteinsson, GO Hreggvidsson, AJ Lanzetti, GA Alfredsson, and PC Engel. 2001. Characterization of alanine and malate dehydrogenases from a marine psychrophile strain PA-43. Extremophiles. 5: 199-211. Article

Marteinsson, VT, Hauksdóttir, S., Hobel, C., Kristmannsdóttir H., Hreggvidsson, GO, Kristjánsson, JK ,. 2001. Phylogenetic Diversity Analysis of Subterranean Hot Springs in Iceland. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67 (6): 4242-4248. Article

Skírnisdóttir, S., Hreggvidsson, GO, Hjörleifsdottir, S., Marteinsson VT, Petursdottir, S., Holst, O. & Kristjansson, JK 2000. Influence of sulfide and temperature on species composition and community structure of hot spring microbial mats. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 66(7):2835-2841. Read the article.

Marteinsson, V. Th., Birrien, JL., Reysenbach, AL, Vernet, M., Dominique, M., Gamacorta, A., Messner, P., Sleytr, UB & Prieur, D. 1999. Thermococcus barophilus sp. nov., a new barophilic and hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated under high hydrostatic pressure from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 49: 351-359

Marteinsson, V. Th., Reysenbach, AL, Birrien, JL. & Prieur, D. 1999. A stress protein is induced in the deep-sea barophile Thermococcus barophilus when grown under atmospheric pressure. Extremophiles. 3: 277-282. Article

Marteinsson, V. Th., Birrien, JL., Raguénés, G., da Costa, M. & Prieur, D. 1999. Isolation and characterization of Thermus thermophilus Gy1211 from a deep-sea hydrothernal vent. Extremophiles. 3:247-251. Article

J. Scholten, F. Theilen, P. Herzig, M. Schmidt and the shipboard scientific party (K. Becker, H. Blascheck, A. Broser, S. Bussat, M. Hannington, K. Hißmann, I. Jonasson, O Krüger, S. Kugler, P. Liersch, V. Marteinsson, C. Müller, C. Papenberg, S. Pettursdottir, H. Preißler, C. Riedel, J. Schauer, O. Thießen) 1999. Hydrothermal activity along the Tjoernes Fracture Zone, north of Iceland: Initial results of R / V POSEIDON cruises 252 and 253. Interridge News. 8 (2): 28-32. 

Marteinsson, V. Th., Birrien, JL., Jeanthon, C. & Prieur, D. 1996. Numerical taxonomic study of thermophilic bacilli isolated from three geographically separated deep-sea hydrothermal vents. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 21: 255-266. Article

Marteinsson, V. Th., Birrien, JL. & Prieur, D. 1996. In situ enrichment and isolation of thermophilic microorganisms from deep-sea environments. Candian Journal of Microbiology, 43: 694-697. 

Marteinsson, V. Th., Moulin, P., Birrien, JL., Gamacorta, A., Vernet, M., & Prieur, D. 1996. Physiological responses to stress conditions and barophilic behavior of the hyperthermophilic vent Archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 63: 1230-1236.

Marteinsson, V. Th., Watrin, L., Prieur, D., Caprais, JC, Raguenes, G. & Erauso, G. 1995. Phenotypic characterization, DNA similarities, and protein profiles of twenty sulfur-metabolizing hyperthermophilic anaerobic Archaea isolated from hydrothermal vents in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 45: 623-632. 

Marteinsson, V. Th., Birrien, JL., Kristjánsson, JK & Prieur, D. 1995. First isolation of thermophilic aerobic non-sporulating bacteria from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 18 (3) :163-174. Article

Kristjánsson, JK, Hjörleifdóttir, S., Marteinsson, V. Th., & Alfredsson, G. Á. 1994 A pigment producing thermophile isolated from hot tap water in Iceland and Thermus sp. X-1 belong to a new species, Thermus scotoductus sp. nov. bacterium from hot tap water in Iceland. Systematic and Applied Microbiology.

Erauso, G., Reysenbach, AL., Godfroy, A., Meunier, JR, Crump, B., Parensky, F., Baross, J. A, Marteinsson, V. Th., Barbier, G., Pace, NR , & Prieur, D. 1993. Pyrococcus abyssi  sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Archive of Microbiology 160: 338-349.  Article

BOOKARKAFLAR / Book Chapters

OS Andresson, VT Marteinsson. 2001. Microbes everywhere. CAFF (Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna) 2001. Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation. Helsinki: Edita. 272 p.

Kristmannsdóttir, H., Marteinsson, VT, and Hardardóttir, V. 2001. Aluminum silicate scales- Experience from geothermal development in Iceland. Water-Rock Interaction, Cagliare, June 10-16, Cidu (ed), Balkema, 871-874.

Daniel Prieur and Viggó Thór Marteinsson. 1998. Prokaryotes living under elevated hydrostatic pressure. Advance in Biochemical Engineering / Biotechnology. 61: 23-35

Marteinsson, V. Th., Kristjánsson, JK 1991. Enumeration of thermophilic bacteria in district heating system in Iceland. Energy, Bacteria in hot water systems, Nordic Seminar and Cooperation Committee 1991: 544 ISBN S 91 7996 3927.



Eyjólfur Reynisson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson and Franklín Georgsson. A study of the prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in Icelandic chicken products on the consumer market. Matís Report 26-13, 10 s.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn Haukur Magnússon, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Microbial density in Icelandic waters. Microbial density in Icelandic waters. Matís Report 51-11, 20 p. Closed report. Report Abuse.

Sveinn Magnússon, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Árni Rúnarsson and Viggó Marteinsson. Microbial flora in Icelandic groundwater. Matís Report 50-11, 25 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Sveinn Magnússon, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Viggó Marteinsson. Germicidal effects of UV light on processing line surfaces and pork shelf life / Effect of UV light on microbial contamination of processing surfaces and shelf life of pork products. Matís Report 49-11, 12 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Árni R. Rúnarsson, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn H. Magnússon, Kristinn Andersen, Viggó Marteinsson. UV-light surface disinfection / Disinfection of surfaces with UV light. Matís Report 48-11, 7 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn Haukur Magnússon, Árni Rafn Rúnarsson, Kristinn Guðmundsson, Erla Björk Örnólfsdóttir, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Microbial diversity in the Icelandic fishing grounds. Matís Report 47-11, 45 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Sveinn H. Magnússon, Eyjólfur Reynisson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Method development and screening for enteric viruses in food and water - 2011 / Method development and screening for enteric viruses in food and water - 2011. Matís report 46-11, 8 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Árni Rafn Rúnarsson, Sveinn Haukur Magnússon, Desiree Seehafer, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Optimization of sample preparation - filtration and DNA extraction - for the analysis of sea water samples. Matís Report 36-10, 24 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn Haukur Magnússon, Árni Rafn Rúnarsson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Bacterial diversity in the processing environment of fish products. Matís Report 11-10, 31 p. Closed report. Report summary.

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn Haukur Magnússon, Árni Rafn Rúnarsson, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. 24 hour detection of undesirable microbes in food. Matís Report 42-09, 28 s.


Marteinsson, VT, Hobel, C., Fridnonsson, O., Hreggvidsson, GO and Kristjansson, JK 2001. Accessing microbial diversity by ecological methods. U.S. Patent application 09 / 770,771, filed Jan. 26. 2001.

Arnthor Aevarsson, Viggo Th. Marteinsson, Olafur H. Fridjonsson, Gudmundur O. Hreggvidsson and Jakob K. Kristjansson. Method of obtaining protein diversity. Icelandic Patent application no. 5863 filed Feb. 23. 2001 and US No. 09 / 878,423 filed June 11. 2001.

Birrien JL., Marteinsson VT, and Prieur D. 2000. Cosmetic compositions containing a fermented environment of microorganisms of the family Thermus. The company SEDERMA, Project of 03/10/2000

Spilliaert, R., Pálsdóttir, A., Eggertsson, G., Marteinsson, V. Th., Hreggvidsson, G. Ó., Kristjánsson, JK 1990. Gene from the bacterium Rhodothermus marinus, coding for thermostable and alkaline stable xylanase and the same enzyme produced in E. coli or another suitable host. Icelandic patent application no. 3770 oct. 1990.

Participation in conferences

Gaidos, E .; Thorsteinsson, Th .; Wade, N .; Marteinsson, V .; Stefansson, A. Exploring Icelandic Subglacial Volcanoes as Analogs to Habitats on Mars. Presentation: 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 7–11, 2011 at The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1608, p. 1446 

Eyjólfur Reynisson, Sveinn H. Magnússon, Hélène L. Lauzon, Viggó Þór Marteinsson. Monitoring spoilage bacteria in food supply chains. Presentation: The 4th International Congress on Food and Nutrition together with the 3rd SAFE Consortium International Congress on Food Safety, 12-14 Oct. 2011. Istanbul, Turkey.

E. Reynisson, HL Lauzon, H. Magnússon, G.Ó. Hreggvidsson, VT Marteinsson. 2008. Rapid quantification of the specific spoilage organism Pseudomonas spp in fish using real-time PCR. Poster at Cold Chain Management Conference, 3 rd International Workshop in Bonn, 2-3. June 2008