The effect of different precooling media during processing and cooling techniques during packaging of cod (Gadus morhua) fillets
The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the effect of different refrigerants in pre-cooling before packaging on temperature control, quality and shelf life of cod fillets. The following refrigerants were examined and compared with no special pre-packing pre-packing:
- brine with a low salt content, 2) ice cream with a low salt content.
In addition, the effects of using ice mats and dry ice on the storage of the wrecks were investigated. Temperature changes were monitored by temperature sensors at all levels. Samples were quality assessed by sensory evaluation, microbial and chemical measurements for up to 13 days from processing and packaging (16 days from fishing). The fillets were stored in supercooled conditions (below 0 ° C) for most of the storage time. Lower temperatures of slurry ice than brine led to lower fillet temperatures during packing, and the temperature of the liquid brine was found to rise rapidly during processing. Different treatment resulted in a comparable freshness period according to sensory evaluation. However, the use of a liquid brine during pre-packaging pre-packing proved to lead to a shorter shelf life of 1-2 days compared to no pre-cooling or pre-cooling with slush ice. The reasons for this can be traced to the fact that the brine contained a considerable amount of microorganisms, including H2S-producing bacteria which are active producers of trimethylamine (TMA). Comparison of liquid-cooled fillets showed that the use of dry ice prolonged shelf life by 1 day compared to ice mats. The results of microbial and chemical measurements were consistent with these results.
The aim of the experiment was to investigate effects of two cooling media during precooling at processing on temperature control, quality and storage life of cod fillets. The two cooling media compared to no special precooling during processing (NC) were: 1) liquid brine (LC) and 2) slurry ice (SIC). In addition, the influence of using either dry ice or ice packs during storage was studied. The samples were kept at superchilled conditions during most of the trial. The environmental and product temperature history of each group was studied using temperature monitors. The samples were analyzed with sensory evaluation, microbial and chemical methods for up to sixteen days from catch (thirteen days from processing). Lower temperature of the slurry ice than the liquid brine resulted in lower fillet temperature at packaging and the liquid brine temperature increased rapidly during a processing break, which seems to be a weakness of the liquid brine tank. Results from sensory, microbial and chemical analysis all showed that immersing the skinless cod fillets in liquid cooling brine prior to packaging resulted in one to two days reduction of shelf life in comparison with fillets that were not immersed in liquid brine (no cooling) or in slurry ice. This could be attributed to the fact that the cooling brine carried considerable amounts of microbes including H2Sproducing bacteria which are active producers of trimethylamine (TMA). Comparison of the groups receiving liquid cooling showed that dry ice appeared to extend the shelf life of one day as compared to ice packs. The length of the freshness period was, however, similar in all experimental groups according to sensory evaluation. These results were confirmed by total volatile bases (TVB-N) and TMA analysis and microbial counts.