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Ecosystem services in the Arctic: a thematic review

The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. Applying the Search, Appraisal, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA) and snowballing methods and three selection criteria, 33 publications were sourced, including peer-reviewed articles, policy papers and scientific reports, and their content synthesised using the thematic analysis method. Five key themes were identified: (1) general discussion of Arctic ES, (2) Arctic social-ecological systems, (3) ES valuation, (4) ES synergies and/or trade-offs, and (5) integrating the ES perspective into management. The meta-synthesis of the literature reveals that the ES concept is increasingly being applied in the Arctic context in all five themes, but there remain large knowledge gaps concerning mapping, assessment, economic valuation, analysis of synergies, trade-offs, and underlying mechanisms, and the social effects of ES changes. Even though ES are discussed in most publications as being relevant for policy, there are few practical examples of its direct application to management. The study concludes that more primary studies of Arctic ES are needed on all of the main themes as well as governance initiatives to move Arctic ES research from theory to practice.

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Skýrslur

Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy in the West Nordic Countries / Framtíðartækifæri í Vest-Norræna lífhagkerfinu

Útgefið:

01/12/2014

Höfundar:

Sigrún Elsa Smáradóttir, Lilja Magnúsdóttir, Birgir Örn Smárason, Gunnar Þórðarson, Birgit Johannessen, Elísabet Kemp Stefánsdóttir, Birgitte Jacobsen, Unn Laksá, Hrönn Ólína Jörundsdóttir, Svein Ø. Solberg, Rólvur Djurhuus, Sofie Erbs-Maibing, Bryndís Björnsdóttir, Ragnhildur Gunnarsdóttir, Kjartan Hoydal, Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson, Guðmundur Bjarki Ingvarsson, Amalie Jessen, Hörður G. Kristinsson, Daði Már Kristófersson, Nette Levermann, Nuka Møller Lund, Josephine Nymand, Ólafur Reykdal, Janus Vang, Helge Paulsen, Sveinn Margeirsson

Styrkt af:

The Nordic Council of Ministers Arctic Co-operation Programme, NKJ (Nordic Joint Committee for Agricultural and Food Research), AG-Fisk (Working Group for Fisheries Co-operation), SNS (Nordic Forest Research), NordGen (the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre) and Matis.

Tengiliður

Birgir Örn Smárason

Fagstjóri

birgir@matis.is

Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy in the West Nordic Countries / Framtíðartækifæri í Vest-Norræna lífhagkerfinu

Skýrslan gefur yfirlit yfir lífauðlindir á Íslandi, Færeyjum og Grænlandi, nýtingu þeirra og framtíðartækifæri sem byggja á grænum vexti. Skýrslan er góður grunnur fyrir markvissa stefnumótun og áherslur í nýsköpun fyrir framtíðaruppbyggingu á svæðinu. Á grunni verkefnisins hefur verið mótuð framkvæmdaráætlun með fjórum megináherslum; 1. Stofun Vest-Norræns lífhagkerfispanels, 2. Stofnun þverfaglegrar Vest-Norrænnar miðstöðvar vísinda og fræða (Centre of Excellence), 3. Arctic Bioeconomy II – verkefni með áherslu á greiningu tækifæra á sviði líftækni og 4. Sérstök áætlun með áherslu á “Bláa lífhagkerfið”.

This final report provides an overview of bioresources in the West Nordic region focusing on Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland, their utilisation and future opportunities based on green growth. The report provides good basis for strategic identification of beneficial projects in the region. Based on the results, a specific action plan has been formed consisting of four main actions; 1. Create a West Nordic Bioeconomy panel, 2. Establish an interdisciplinary Centre of Excellence (CoE) for the West Nordic region, 3. Arctic bioeconomy II – Project focusing on opportunities in biotechnology and 4. Program focusing on “The Blue Bioeconomy”.

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Skýrslur

Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy in the West Nordic Countrie Executive Summary & Action Plan, Discussions and Conclusions, Overview of Opportunities Identified in the Report / Framtíðartækifæri í Vest-Norræna lífhagkerfinu – Samantekt, aðgerðaráætlun, umræður og ályktanir, og yfirlit yfir tækifæri

Útgefið:

01/12/2014

Höfundar:

Sigrún Elsa Smáradóttir, Lilja Magnúsdóttir, Birgir Örn Smárason, Gunnar Þórðarson, Birgit Johannessen, Elísabet Kemp Stefánsdóttir, Birgitte Jacobsen, Unn Laksá, Hrönn Ólína Jörundsdóttir, Svein Ø. Solberg, Rólvur Djurhuus, Sofie Erbs-Maibing, Bryndís Björnsdóttir, Ragnhildur Gunnarsdóttir, Kjartan Hoydal, Guðmundur Óli Hreggviðsson, Guðmundur Bjarki Ingvarsson, Amalie Jessen, Hörður G. Kristinsson, Daði Már Kristófersson, Nette Levermann, Nuka Møller Lund, Josephine Nymand, Ólafur Reykdal, Janus Vang, Helge Paulsen, Sveinn Margeirsson

Styrkt af:

The Nordic Council of Ministers Arctic Co-operation Programme, NKJ (Nordic Joint Committee for Agricultural and Food Research), AG-Fisk (Working Group for Fisheries Co-operation), SNS (Nordic Forest Research), NordGen (the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre) and Matis.

Tengiliður

Birgir Örn Smárason

Fagstjóri

birgir@matis.is

Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy in the West Nordic Countries / Framtíðartækifæri í Vest-Norræna lífhagkerfinu

Skýrslan dregur saman samantektarkafla, aðgerðaráætlun, umræður og ályktanir, og yfirlit yfir tækifæri úr lokaskýrslu verkefnisins Arctic Bioeconomy.

The report containes the executive summary, action Plan, discussions and conclusions and overview of opportunities identified in the final report of the project Arctic Bioeconomy.

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