Peer-reviewed articles

Added Value too Ascophyllum nodosum Side Stream Utilization during Seaweed Meal Processing

Ascophyllum nodosum contains many valuable compounds, including polyphenols, peptides, and carotenoids that have been shown to exhibit biological activities. These compounds are not a priority ingredient in seaweed meal products for the current users. Hence, the aim of the study was to investigate the chemical and bioactive characteristics of A. nodosum as affected by seasonal variation and evaluate the potential benefits of alternative processing and the utilization of side streams for product development. The analysis of raw materials, press liquid, and press cake from alternative processing and the commercial seaweed meal at different harvesting periods indicated that the chemical composition is linked to the reproductive state of the algae. Phenolic content and ORAC activity increased following the seaweed's fertile period, making alternative processing more promising in July and October compared to June. Several valuable ingredients were obtained in the press liquid, including polyphenols, which can be used in the development of new high-value bioactive products. The suggested alternative processing does not have a negative effect on the composition and quality of the current seaweed meal products. Hence, the extraction of valuable ingredients from the fresh biomass during the processing of seaweed meal could be a feasible option to increase the value and sustainability of seaweed processing.


Fæðubótarefni úr íslensk þangi / Functional ingredients from Icelandic seaweed




Rósa Jónsdóttir, Hólmfríður Sveinsdóttir, Jón Óskar Jónsson, Jóna Freysdóttir, Patricia Hamaguchi, Halldór Benediktsson, Annabelle Vrac, Hörður G. Kristinsson

Supported by:

Fisheries Project Fund


Rósa Jónsdóttir

Research Group Leader

Fæðubótarefni úr íslensk þangi / Functional ingredients from Icelandic seaweed

The aim of the study was to develop the processing of dietary supplements from Icelandic seaweed by maximizing the extraction and purification process of biomaterials and measuring their bioactivity. Seaweed was collected monthly for one year and the chemical content and bioactivity were measured in test tubes and in cell systems. The processing of polyphenols was scaled up and the shelf life was studied. The seasonal fluctuation in vitamin C content was very clear and peaked during the summer. There was also a large difference in the amount of iodine, which was much higher during the winter compared to samples taken during the summer. The antioxidant activity of polyphenols was very high, both measured as ORAC and DPPH and in cells. The results of studies in the angiogenesis model strongly indicate the anti-inflammatory effect of polyphenols from seaweed. Fucoxanthin levels were on average lowest in the summer but highest in the winter, although the difference was not significant. Seaweed fucoxanthin collected in January and July measured 90% and 80% antioxidant activity in cells. The results of this project strongly show that it is a good idea to process bioactive substances from seaweed into dietary supplements.

The aim of the project was to develop functional ingredients from brown seaweed (Fucus vesiculosus) for use in nutraceutical and functional foods by optimizing extraction of bioactive compounds and characterizing their properties to demonstrate possible health benefits. Fucus vesiculosus was collected monthly for one year for chemical characterization and to study bioactivity using in ‐ vitro chemical and cellular tests. The polyphenol extraction process was scaled up and shelf life of the extract studied. The seasonal variation in vitamin ‐ C content was clear reaching maximum level during the summer. A large difference was seen in the iodine content which was much higher in the winter compared to the summer. The antioxidant activity of the polyphenols was high, measured as ORAC and DPPH and in cell models. The dendritic cell (DC) model showed indications of anti ‐ inflammatory effect of polyphenols. The amount of fucoxanthin was on average lowest in the summer but highest in the winter. Cellular antioxidant activity of fucoxanthin samples from January and July was 90% and 80%, respectively. The results of this project indicate that it is feasible to produce functional ingredients from Icelandic seaweed.

Report closed until 01.01.2015

View report