Reports

Salmon growth trial in freshwater for Roquette

Published:

17/01/2022

Authors:

Wolfgang Koppe, Sven-Ole Meiske, David Sutter, Georges Lamborelle

Supported by:

Roquette

This report presents the results of an experiment performed by Matis ohf. for Roquette.

The trial objective was to compare the effect of different inclusion levels of corn gluten meal and Zearalenone on growth of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and histopathology variances of the intestinal tissue and liver tissue.

View report

News

LAURENTIC FORUM - opportunities and challenges for coastal communities in the Arctic

From 2.-4. The LAURENTIC FORUM online conference will take place in November, and this is the thirteenth time the conference has been held. The aim of the conference is to discuss opportunities and challenges for coastal communities in the Arctic. The program is divided into two parts, ie. tourism (Nov 2) and fisheries (Nov 3 & 4).

The conference takes place online and interested parties can participate free of charge, but registration is required. website of the conference where you can also access the program.

The program is divided into five seminars and in each of them there are presentations from representatives of Iceland, Norway, Ireland and Newfoundland & Labrador. The seminars and speakers can be seen below.

Session 1: Sustainable Tourism: Looking Forward

  • Minister Steve Crocker, Department of Tourism, Culture, Arts & Recreation, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Councilor Jack Murray, Mayor of Donegal
  • Sigrid Engen, Researcher, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
  • Dale Jarvis, Executive Director of Heritage Newfoundland & Labrador
  • Johann Vidar Ivarsson, Project Manager at the Icelandic Tourist Board
  • Maurice Bergin Managing Director, GreenHospitality.ie (Ireland)
  • Margaret Story, TIDE Project Officer

Session 2: The value of the Blue Economy

  • Andrew Ward, Joint CEO of Inishowen Development Partnership
  • Charlie McConalogue, Irish Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine
  • Sunniva Løviknes, Troms and Finnmark County
  • Bente Olsen Husby, West - Finnmark Council
  • Iris Petten President, Port de Grave Historical Society, NL
  • Karl Bonar, Manager, Donegal Blue Economy Marine Cluster
  • Sveinn Agnarsson, Professor, University of Iceland School of Business

Session 3: The Engine That Does Not Stop: Changing Course Through Innovation & Technology

  • Paul Winger Director, Center for Sustainable Aquatic Resources, Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University
  • Þór Sigfusson, Founder and Chairman of the Icelandic Ocean Cluster
  • Joanne Gaffney Aquaculture Technical Manager, BIM
  • Pål Arne Bjørn, IMR and Jo Inge Hesjevik Fisherman and Regional Political Representative

Session 4: The New Frontier: Sustainable Wealth & Health Through Blue Bioeconomy

  • Nils Kristian Sorkem Nilsen, Director Arctic, regional policy, state aid, North Norway EU Office, Brussels
  • Jón Þrándur Stefánsson, Ministry of Industries and Innovation (Department of fisheries), Iceland
  • Jón Garðar Steingrímsson,Chief Operating Officer, Genis
  • Line Kjelstrup, Cluster Manager, BIOTEC NORTH
  • Jason Whooley, Chief Executive Officer, Bio-Marine Ingredients Ireland Ltd.
  • Heather Burke Director, Center for Aquaculture and Seafood Development, Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University.

Session 5: The Whale in the Room: Climate Change

  • Jónas R. Viðarsson, Director of Division of Value Creation, Matís, Iceland
  • Glenn Nolan, Head of Oceanographic and Climate Services at the Marine Institute, Galway
  • Darrell Mullowney, Shellfish Research Scientist, Fisheries & Oceans, Canada.
  • Ragnhildur Friðriksdóttir, Matís, Iceland
  • Stein Arne Rånes Senior Policy Advisor for Troms and Finnmark County Council

News

Matís scrapie analysis in Bændablaðið

contact

Sæmundur Sveinsson

Group Leader

saemundurs@matis.is

In the last issue of Bændablaðið, an interview was published with Sæmundur Sveinsson, director of genetic research at Matís, and the topic was a research project he is currently working on in order to protect genetic variability in sheep against rubella.

Bændablaðið's article "Project on the search for protective genetic mutations in sheep against rubella" discussed Matís' project, which is funded by the Professional Council for Sheep Breeding and is carried out in collaboration with Keldur. The project is about refining scabies gene analyzes in Iceland by adding genotypic analyzes of the protective variability that is best known for providing great protection against scrapie in sheep. This is the second of two projects in Iceland today that focus on scrapie analysis.

In the interview, Sæmundur discusses the possibilities inherent in these improvements, but emphasizes that this is not a quick fix, but that the project will possibly provide tools that can be used in the fight against riding in the long run.

The news can be read in its entirety in the last issue of Bændablaðið or on the website bbl.is here: Project on the search for protective genetic mutations in sheep against rubella

News

Sample collection on a beach trip

The projects undertaken by apprentices and specialists at Matís are varied. Last week, Þóra Valsdóttir, project manager, went on a beach trip with interns Romain Canuel and Sabrina Rechtsteiner.

The reason for going on a beach trip was that in the project MINERVA came to sample collection. The aim of the MINERVA project is to make untapped life resources, in this case biomass of algae growing throughout Europe, higher under the head. This will be done by improving processing methods and thus contributing to less waste and the development of new, valuable high-quality products from the raw material.

The sampling went well, as a rich garden was grazed, as can be seen in the attached pictures.

More information about the project can be found on its project page here: MINERVA

News

The potatoes came as a surprise

contact

Ólafur Reykdal

Project Manager

olafur.reykdal@matis.is

At Matís, various researches are underway on vegetables for a grant from the Food Fund. The research aims to increase the quality and shelf life of vegetables but also to reduce waste in the value chain from harvest to consumer and find new ways to increase the value of by-products in the vegetable sector.

Recently completed a project that started in 2020 and dealt with the antioxidant activity and quality of vegetables. Antioxidant activity refers to the activity of antioxidants which are among the important substances in vegetables. Antioxidants are substances that provide the body with protection against the harmful effects of substances that promote oxidation. The health benefits have been attributed to the consumption of antioxidant vegetables.

Antioxidant activity was found in all vegetable samples but varied by species. Significant antioxidant activity in potatoes came as a surprise as antioxidants are often associated with colorful vegetables.

Cauliflower and broccoli, along with potatoes, were among the vegetables that scored the highest for antioxidant activity.

The healthiness of potatoes may be underestimated, but they are often not included in the healthiest vegetables. Potatoes contain important nutrients such as vitamins and a considerable amount of starch, which makes potatoes more energetic than most other vegetables. The results of the project have been published and can be accessed here:  https://matis.is/skyrsla/gaedi-og-andoxunarvirkni-graenmetis-a-markadi-2020-21/ . New results can be expected for vegetables in the coming months, including potatoes.

Are you interested in research and innovation in the vegetable sector? Watch Matís' focus meeting on the value chain of vegetables here: Value chain of vegetables.

News

Welcome to the electronic conference The Nordic Kitchen Manifesto

contact

Kolbrún Sveinsdóttir

Project Manager

kolbrun.sveinsdottir@matis.is

The electronic conference The Nordic Kitchen Manifesto: a catalyst for dialogue on a sustainable and healthy food culture for the future will take place on 27 September.

The conference aims to launch a debate on Nordic food culture and its various driving forces to promote a sustainable lifestyle. It's time to explore how the Nordic Kitchen Manifesto can be a forum for constructive dialogue between different sustainability perspectives on a fair food system in the Nordic countries.

The conference will be held in English and Swedish through Zoom on September 27, 2021 from 9: 00-12: 00 Icelandic time.

Registration is open until September 24. Click here to register

Schedule for The Nordic Kitchen Manifesto September 27, 2021:

12:00Opening of webinar - setting the Nordic table Bettina C. Lindfors, Moderator, Project Manager, New Nordic Food
12:05Why does sustainable food policy in a Nordic context matter? Jari Leppä, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland
12:15Sustainability at the core of Nordic cooperation - how to engage in change?          Thomas Blomqvist, Minister for Nordic cooperation and equality
12:25New Nordic Kitchen manifesto strengthens the Nordic as a sustainable gastronomic region - voices from the initiators of the manifesto with Chef Leif Sörensen, Faroe Islands & representatives of the younger generations of chefs and other key actors in the food systems about drivers for the future
Meeting the challenges and possibilities for Nordic collaboration within sustainability perspectives of food systems - inspirational talks:
12:45Sustainability perspective from Greenland by Anne Nivíka Grødem, Deputy Manager, Sermersooq Business and Cluster Manager & NERISA - an Arctic Food Cluster
12:55Sustainability perspective from Iceland by Ásta Kristín Sigurjónsdóttir, Manager, Icelandic Tourism Cluster
13:10Sustainability perspective from Denmark by Magnus Nilsson, Director, MAD Academy
13:25Sustainability perspective from Sweden by Elin Aronsson-Beis, Sustainability Consultant in food business, FoodLoopz & Paul Svensson, Chef, Developer of restaurant business
13:35Sustainability perspective from Finland Climate Food Program, Hanna Mattila, Ministerial Adviser, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry & Robert Jordas, vertical gardener, Lilla Robbes Trädgård
13:50Sustainability perspective from Norway (tbc)
14:05Sustainability perspective from Faroe Islands by Elisabeth Skarðhamar Olsen, Lecturer, University of Faroe Islands
14:20Sustainability perspective from Åland Islands by Gustav Eriksson, Chef, Silverskär and Johanna Dahlgren, food & beverage entrepreneur, Pub Stallhagen, Chair of Artisan food entrepreneurs in Åland Islands
14:35Wrap up of inspirational talks in discussion with representatives of the younger generation of chefs and other key actors in food systems supported with a policy comment by Senior Adviser Katja Svensson, Nordic Council of Ministers
14:45Process of creating a constructive dialogue tool - common steps forward
15:00End of webinar

The event's project manager, Bettina C. Lindfors, provides further information about the electronic conference and warmly welcomes everyone.

Bettina C. Lindfors
Project Manager, New Nordic Food 
Nordic Council of Ministers c / o Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland
+358 40 920 9810
bettina.c.lindfors@gmail.com
Twitter: @BettinaLindfors

News

A course on increasing the value of by-products of food production

contact

Eva Margrét Jónudóttir

Researcher

evamargret@matis.is

Matís, the University of Iceland and the Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research The Polish Academy of Sciences in Olsztyn is currently organizing the course School on adding value to food side streams 2021 which will take place in Iceland 7.-17. next October.

A search has begun for talented students and young scientists who want to increase their knowledge of innovation and strengthen their skills in management by solving various tasks.

The objectives of the course include:

  • Raising awareness of the social and environmental responsibility of food producers and of the opportunities that exist to improve the utilization of by-products in food production.
  • To build a platform where students and young professionals with diverse backgrounds can exchange ideas and tackle the opportunities and challenges that exist when it comes to adding value to by-products in food production.
  • To promote overall concept work and product development.
  • To strengthen, expand and strengthen the network of young entrepreneurs.

The course will be taught in English and is free of charge for students.

Here you can see the program of the course

An introductory video about the course is in the player here:

More information about this great opportunity can be found here:

Registration takes place here:

The application deadline is 30 September

News

Matís online course accessible to everyone

contact

Óli Þór Hilmarsson

Project Manager

oli.th.hilmarsson@matis.is

Matís holds a special course website where a variety of educational material is available. This is a website that hosts 7 courses, but each one addresses certain aspects that are important for small food producers to get acquainted with. The content of the courses is presented in a lively and practical way and can therefore also be useful for food production enthusiasts or curious entrepreneurs.

Small-scale food production in Iceland is, however, considerable and will probably increase in the coming years. Licensors and regulators demand to a much greater extent that manufacturers have the professional knowledge and experience to be able to produce safe and good products. The course material and course instructions allow those who intend to start small-scale food production to acquire knowledge that is useful, for example, in all kinds of raw material handling, storage and labeling of food, application for an operating license, internal control and the preparation of a quality manual.

The topics of the courses are as follows:

  • Licensing, quality manual, internal control and establishment of companies - Instructions for starting small-scale food production, distribution and sale.
  • Microorganisms on meat - Study materials and guidelines aimed at explaining the importance of proper processing and handling of food so that it does not cause harm.
  • Slaughter and meat eating - The meat assessment, ie. The classification of carcasses by sex, age, body fat and fat, plays an important role as a basis for pricing and trade in meat and for information for animal husbandry.
  • Salting and smoking - Taste properties and technical purpose of salting and smoking foods.
  • Food packaging labeling and packaging - All foodstuffs intended for end-users or commercial kitchens must be accompanied by food information in accordance with regulations. It can also be good to pack products in packaging and then it is important to know how to work.
  • Raw processing and sausage making - Educational materials on processed meat products, such as food that has been changed from its natural state in some way, mainly for safety reasons, to improve the taste quality or increase the comfort of consumption.
  • Sawing, deboning and marinating - Material on different divisions of an entire carcass into individual parts as well as marinating and the science behind it.

The educational material in the courses is compiled from various data, such as the laws and regulations that deal with food, from previous research and the study and promotional material that has been prepared at Matís and the Food Administration.

When purchasing a course, the study material opens and the buyer has access to it for 30 days.

Matís is the largest research company in the country in the field of food research and Matís' staff has many years of experience in food research. Great emphasis is placed on disseminating knowledge to the food industry in Iceland and web courses are one way to do this.

News

Icelandic oats are almost completely free of toxins

Almost no mycotoxins (fungal toxins) were measured in Icelandic oats when measurements were made earlier in the year. These results are extremely important for food safety.

Í Bændablaðið from the 26th of August discusses the results of the project Mannakorn - Hafrar, which is funded by the Food Fund. The project deals with experiments with different varieties of oats in order to find the varieties that are best suited to Icelandic conditions. The project is managed by the staff of the Agricultural University, but the staff of Matís takes care of one part of the project that deals with quality assessment and quality measurements of oat samples.

Mycotoxins (fungal toxins) were among those examined. At Matís, samples were prepared and sent to Germany for measurements of 11 mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are contaminants that some molds can produce under certain environmental conditions, especially when it is humid and warm. Mycotoxins can harm human health and livestock, but some of these substances are among the most potent toxins available. The results of the measurements showed that 10 of these substances were not measurable, but one substance was measured but in a very small amount that was far below the maximum value in a regulation.

These results are of great importance for the food safety of cereals produced in Iceland and raise hopes that it will be possible to produce Icelandic cereals that will be virtually free of mycotoxins. Nevertheless, it is very important to measure mycotoxins in Icelandic grain regularly, not least due to the warming weather.

As the project Mannakorn - Hafrar vindur progresses, its project page will be updated, but it can be viewed here: Mannakorn - Oats.

News

Seaweed and kelp - the tricks of the future?

The project Nýbylgja Bragð, which was carried out by scientists at Matís, was recently completed, but the main goal of the project was to develop valuable healthy flavors from large algae. The flavors are produced with innovative biotechnological methods, to reduce the use of salt in food processing, and they also have various other benefits.

High blood pressure is the most common health problem associated with high salt intake and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that daily consumption of salt be significantly reduced in many parts of the world. This also applies to Icelanders who still consume too much salt.

As salt has a strong effect on taste, there is a risk that less salt consumption will reduce taste and that processing properties may change. Large algae are rich in metals such as sodium, potassium and magnesium which give a salty taste. In addition, they contain a lot of flavor enhancers that can change the taste properties of food and, for example, give them more flavor. In order to release these flavor enhancers such as proteins, amino acids and reducing sugars from the seaweed, different processing methods are sometimes required.  

In this project, biotechnological methods were used to process flavors, including the use of enzymes developed at Matís. Emphasis was placed on processing flavorings from seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) and gillnets (Saccharina latissima), but these species grow in large numbers near Iceland. The flavors were tested with e-tongue, e-nose and taste buds from the tongue, as well as sensory evaluation and chemical measurements. Selected flavors were used to test in saltier and tastier foods.

The attached picture shows experimental doses where the flavoring was used in mashed potatoes.

The results of the project showed that it is possible to process flavorings from seaweed with a taste-enhancing effect, but further tests and adaptation of the processing process are needed, including scaling up the production of the enzyme. 

Further information about the project is provided Rósa Jónsdóttir at Matís, but those interested are also advised to keep an eye on the project's project page here: New Wave Taste

The project also received coverage in Bændablaðið, which was published recently, and that coverage can be found here: Healthy flavors made from Icelandic seaweed.